Fibroid | Gynecology

[Click on the Pics(Inventions) to View Clearly]

Most common benign tumor of

  • Uterus
  • Pelvis &
  • Benign Solid tumor in Female

Fibroid = Smooth Muscle + Fibrous Connective Tissue

Aka- Uterine Leiomyoma, Myoma(ta), Fibromyoma(ta)


Incidence + Risk Factor



In Pic

Black woman with family history, PSOS(Poly Cystic Ovary Syndrome),

12-14 Translocation, Deletion of Long Arm of Y-Chromosome (may be Somatic Mutation)

Pink – Life-timeline

Green – First Pregnancy

Red – Gap after First Pregnancy


  • Uterine
  1. Body
  2. Cervical
  • Extra-Uterine
  1. Broad Ligament
  2. Utero-Sacral Ligament

Round Ligament


In Pic

More Number of Intramural Tumors – Most Common Type

Between Red(Submucosal) & Green(Subseroal), Green is larger-more common than Red. But, Red is Danger Sign- so Most Dangerous Type.


Cervical Type with Symptoms


Anatomy of Tumor

Pseudocapsule is Pink formed by compressed adjacent myometrium.

Tumor is whorled and White appearance.

Yellow- in Cancerous Change WITHOUT PSEUDOCAPSULE


Secondary Changes

  1. Degeneration
  • Red> Hyaline>Cyctic>Fatty>Calcified
  • Myxomatous
  1. Atrophy
  2. Necrosis
  3. Infection
  4. Sarcomatous


RED Degeneration



SYMPTOMS (Click to Know More about the term)


Abdominal Examination Findings


[Management of Fibroid is not covered. Follow your books.]

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7 thoughts on “Uterine FIBROID

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